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Essay on Indira Gandhi
Srimati Indira Gandhi will always be remembered as the first women Prime Minister of India. Her name will be in golden letters in the Political History of India. She is the pride of the entire world.
Indira Gandhi was born on 21st November, 1917. Her father was Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime minister of India and her mother was kamala Nehru. She was the only daughter of her parents.
|essay on indira gandhi|
Nehru family is intimately connected with the freedom struggle of India. Mahatma Gandhi was the anchor of the freedom movement and Nehru was his trusted pupil. The leaders of the freedom movement used to assemble in Ananda Bhavan, the permanent residence of the Nehru family, Therefore from early childhood Indira Gandhi was influenced by those leaders.
Indira Gandhi had her early education in Switzerland. After the sad demise of her mother she returned to India and studied at Shantiniketan. After some time, she entered into the oxford University, England. But before completion of her studies, she came to India and joined the free movement.
In 1941 she married Feroz Gandhi against the wishes of his father. But this was approved by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942. Gandhiji started Quit India Movement. Indira Gandhi Joined the same and was Imprisoned.
On 15th August, 1947 India got Independence. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of Free India. Indira Gandhi remained near her father always and learnt a lot of things about politics. She traveled a lot of countries with her father and earned a great deal knowledge about foreign Government and people.
|essay on indira gandhi|
Gradually politics occupied more time in her life. In 1959 she became the President of the Congress Party. She had to face a great tragedy in 1960. Her husband Firoz Gandhi Died prematurely. But Indira Gandhi was not a lady to be subdued. She engaged herself completely in the affairs of the Nation. In 1964 Jawaharlal died. Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi became a minister in Shastri’s cabinet. After the death of Shastri in 1966, Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister of India. Having lost an election case in 1975, she declared emergency and stuck to power. During Emergency there was rampant misuse of power by his son Sanjay Gandhi and the officers. So people became displeased. She lost the election in 1977. Then Janata Dal came to power Morarji Desai was the Prime Minister from 1977 to 1980. In the 1980 General Election the Congress Party came to power and Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister again.
Indira Gandhi brought a number of reforms in the economic and political fields of the country. Bank Nationalization, Abolition of of privileges and Privy Purses of the ex-Rajas were some of them.She signed the historic Simla pact with Pakistan for settlement of Kashmir problem. At the instigation of Pakistan there was terrorism in Punjab. Indira Gandhi Gave orders for operation Blue star to free the Golden Temple from the clutches of the terrorists. The operation was successful. But the Sikhs became displeased with her. One of her Sikh bodyguards shot her dead on 31st October, 1984 at her residence.
She was awarded Bharata Ratna by the President V.V. Giri. Her achievements and sacrifice will be remembered by the Nation forever.